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THEGHINESEMIND                       75

who keep the magazine editors overwhelmed with their
articles. The old imperial examinations which, as I have
pointed out, were a kind of intelligence test, long ago sharpened
the Chinese scholar's mind in the fine use of words and in
subtle literary distinctions, and the cultivation of poetry has
trained them in the higher spheres of literary expression, and
in taste and finesse. The Chinese art of painting has reached
a height yet unreached by the West, and in calligraphy they
have forged a way alone and reached what I believe to be
the maximun variety and refinement in the conception of
rhythmic beauty.

The Chinese mind therefore cannot be accused of lacking
originality or creativeness. Its inventiveness has been equal
to the handicraft stage in which Chinese industries have always
remained. Because of the failure to develop a scientific method
and because of the peculiar qualities of Chinese thinking,
China has been backward in natural science. I have confidence,
however, that with the importation of the scientific method,
and with adequate research facilities, China will be able to
produce great scientists and make important contributions
to the scientific world in the next century.

Nor is such native intelligence confined to the educated
class. Chinese servants are greatly welcomed on account of
their general intelligence and human understanding, and
must be put at least on a par with European servants. Chinese
merchants have prospered in the Malay States, in the East
Indies and in the Philippines chiefly because their intelligence
has been greater than that of the natives and because of those
virtues that come from intelligence, such as thrift, steady
industry and far-sightedness. The respect for scholarship has
brought about a general desire for refinement even among
the lower middle class, of which the foreigner is seldom aware.
Foreign residents in Shanghai sometimes offend the depart-
ment-store salesmen by talking down to them in "pidgin/* not
knowing that many of them are particular about a split
infinitive. Chinese labourers are easily trained to be skilled
mechanics where precision is required. One rarely sees in the
slums and factory districts that type of big, husky animal of a
similar class in the West, distinguished only by his big jaw.